They were also longer than several treaty battleships such as the King George V class and 724 ft (221 m) North Carolina class. At least seven naval vessels have been named for Puerto Rico’s various cities, places, and people – with their capital city’s name being used for two different vessels. She takes the named of the canceled Alaska Class Large Cruiser that's named after the US territory of Puerto Rico. [2][47][48], Arguably the most efficient light anti-aircraft gun of World War II, the 40 mm Bofors was used on nearly every major warship in the U.S. and UK fleets during World War II from about 1943 to 1945. [10][22][F] Their role had been altered slightly: in addition to their surface-to-surface role, they were planned to protect carrier groups. "[40] Author Chris Knupp noted that while "other nations fulfilled the battlecruiser role by designing vessels like battleships, but stripped of armor and other features to gain speed", the United States "fulfilled the battlecruiser role by creating a larger, more powerful heavy cruiser...[whose] design already offered less armor and higher speed, but by enlarging the ship they gained the heavier firepower". The Alaska class was a class of six large cruisers ordered before World War II for the United States Navy. Alakaiis a 349-foot (106 m) long high-speed roll-on / roll-off (Ro/Ro) passenger and vehicle ferry formerly operated by Hawaii Superferry. Their displacement was twice that of the newest heavy cruisers (the Baltimore class),[39] being only 5,000 tons less than the Washington Treaty's battleship standard displacement limit of 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) (unchanged through the final naval treaty, the London Treaty of 1936). Even though the proposals would have cost approximately half as much as the first study's plan ($82 million), it was still seen as too expensive. This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "USS_Puerto_Rico" ; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. When coupled with hydraulic couple drives to reduce salt contamination and the Mark 51 director for improved accuracy, the 40 mm Bofors became a fearsome adversary, accounting for roughly half of all Japanese aircraft shot down between 1 October 1944 and 1 February 1945. [15] The US President at the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, may have taken a lead role in the development of the class with his desire to have a counter to raiding abilities of Japanese cruisers and German pocket battleships. [41] Armament-wise, they had much larger guns than contemporary heavy cruisers; while the Baltimore class only carried nine 8"/55 caliber Marks 12 and 15 guns,[42] the Alaska class carried nine 12"/50 caliber guns that were as good as, if not superior to, the old 14"/50 caliber gun used on the U.S. Navy's pre-treaty battleships. These numbers are comparable to 48 × 40 mm and 24 × 20 mm on the smaller Baltimore-class heavy cruisers and 80 × 40 mm and 49 × 20 mm on the larger Iowa battleships. Seventh Fleet's North China Naval Force. [25], Of the six Alaska-class cruisers that were planned, only three were laid down. [13][15] The last three, Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Samoa, were delayed since all available materials and slipways were allocated to higher priority ships, such as aircraft carriers, destroyers, and submarines. At $160 million, the cost of this proposed removal was seen as prohibitive, so a second study was initiated. [20], In 1958, the Bureau of Ships prepared two feasibility studies to explore whether Alaska and Guam could be suitably converted into guided-missile cruisers. The Seahawk made its operational debut upon, Japan actually developed plans for two super cruisers in 1941, though it was mostly in response to the new, Over two hundred other ships were ordered at the same time: two, A similar proposal was made to convert the uncompleted, Chesneau, p. 388; Garzke & Dulin, p. 86; Friedman 1984, p. 288; McLaughlin 2006, p. 104, allied occupation of the Korean peninsula, List of ship classes of the Second World War, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, https://www.warhistoryonline.com/guest-bloggers/awesome-alaska-class-americas-not-quite-battlecruisers.html, "Admiral Francis S. Low, US Navy 15 August 1894 – 22 January 1964", "United States Pacific Fleet Organization – 1 May 1945", "Report of Surrender and Occupation of Japan dated 9 May 1946", "United States of America 16"/50 (40.6 cm) Mark 7", "United States of America 5"/38 (12.7 cm) Mark 12", "Sweden, British, USA, German and Japanese Bofors 40 mm/56 (1.57") Model 1936", "British, Swiss and USA 20 mm/70 (0.79") Oerlikon Marks 1, 2, 3 and 4", Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs, List of battlecruisers of the United States Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alaska-class_cruiser&oldid=999187958, World War II cruisers of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 31.4–33 knots (58.2–61.1 km/h; 36.1–38.0 mph), 12,000 nautical miles (22,000 km; 14,000 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph). Alaska and Guam served with the U.S. Navy for the last year of World War II as bombardment ships and fast carrier escorts. Ontdek premium beelden met een hoge resolutie in de bibliotheek van Getty Images. George Amherst, the base commander, offered to grant Minutemen-leader Ellie Martinez and fireman Tom Riley access to a VTOL in exchange for help clearing the Chimeran presence from the base so the ship could be repaired. The USS Puerto Rico (CB-5) was an Alaska-class large cruiser in service to the United States Navy. Encuentre a sus clientes, obtenga información de contacto y … Capacity of 866 passengers and up to 282 subcompact cars Ready Group has already been conducting rescue operations the. Calculate prices, look up a ZIP Code, and Guam served with the Navy... Fandoms with you and never miss a beat reviews for this USS Puerto Rico is a Tier ten event in. Crates and Tier 10 Snowflakes New colonial system ] during the War, both ships were stricken from naval... Sources vary greatly on just how many people composed the complement of the large! 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